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Agricultural farms and smart grids integrated renewable energy sources

The idea of the smart grids implementation (including micro-grids on rural areas) corresponds very well with the needs for reparation the status of the rural energy grid, quality and security of energy supply for farmers, limitation of energy losses and costs as well as increase of RES share, including rate of energy autonomy of farmers and rural areas. Construction of smart grids gained recently the political support also in Poland, resulting in the new proposals of legislative regulations. The Energy Regulatory Office (URE) published own opinion in case of so called Advance Monitoring Infrastructure (AMI), while since 2012 the local pilote areas in Poland could use the special programme dedicated to smart grids prepared by National Fund of Environmental Protection and Water Management (NFOSiGW), particularly in frame of installation of smart meters and RES integration. Rural areas, especially farmers may become one of the first beneficiaries of the practical implementation of smart grid technologies, unless the wider access to the innovative technologies of small scale RES (farm scale) will accompany their development.

So far, the farmers usually decided to buy and utilise only one RE source, while often selected it quite randomly. However the situation changing together with micro-grid and energy market development as well as increasing choice of RES devices on the market (small wind turbines, solar collectors, micro-biogas plants, heat pumps, photovoltaic systems). There are increasing possibilities of connection of various small scale RES to the certain points in a grid as well as raising needs in relation to complement one RES another in certain farm in self-balancing hybrid systems (including integrated electricity and heat management with its storage). Actual farmers’ investment decisions in relation to the energy supply should include evolution of energy systems as well as technology revolution in frame of RE micro-sources. Energy system of the farm should be planned and created with taking into account the new concept of grid and wider offer of RES appliances on a market. Unfortunately, while the market of green technologies increases, the research system, research results and oriented information to their receivers, users and business connected to agriculture as well as tools and instruments allowing for its practical implementation do not correspond with each other. Lack of commonly available information and tools for RES planning and energy management, which are also friendly and adjusted to the needs of farmers, disable the implementation of new technologies and expose agriculture and rural areas to the intensification of social disparity in relation to access to clean energy carriers and effective technologies.


Institute for Renewable Energy
Mokotowska Str. 4/6
00-641 Warsaw

+48 22 825 46 52
+48 22 875 86 78

+48 22 875 86 78

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